history

1902-1932 Establishment and working starting

- 1902 : Creation of the association SECOBRA (Société d’Encouragement à la Culture des Orges de Brasserie) thanks to the initiative of its first president Adolphe KREISS. Headquarter: Paris and regional sections. Objectives: provide the maltsters and brewers with pure and high quality barley varieties.

- 1910 : First results: around one hundred pure lines are isolated and tested. The best ones are given to regional sections and widely cultivated.

- 1920 : L ocation on a site in Seine and Oise: opening of a lab and field trials at Bazemont (near Maule, 78). First crosses are made.

- 1932 : Creation of the Sociétés Agréées: Specifically in charge of the regional seed multiplication of the SECOBRA varieties.

1932 – 1972 A new impulse and activity extension

- 1932 : Philippe KREISS becomes president. The priority is then given to the development of breeding, to new material and human means needed, to the improvement and popularisation of cultural techniques adapted to malting barley.

- 1936 : First settlement in Maule (Seine and Oise). New labs and a small seed production plant are built in Maule. Some trials are set up nearby, on the Bois-Henry farm, property of Suzanne BENOIST.

- 1948 : Creation of a seed subsidiary SEMSECO for multiplication, production and commercialisation of the seed.

- 1957 : Creation of new facilities in Maule: extension of buildings and labs, creation of an experimental micromalting lab.

- 1963 : François KREISS is elected president. The association gathers then 58 brewers and 25 maltsters. The logo S.E.C.O.BRA. is created. Varietal identification is developed and used as a control tool for commercial transactions. Breeding programs in spring barley have each a dozen crosses and about one thousand plots.

1972 – 2012 Arrival of biotechnologies and European development

- 1972 : New upswing in R&D and development of breeding programs. In spring barley, the number of crosses per year becomes superior to 200. A new winter barley breeding program is also started with more than 250 crosses per year.

- 1978 : Creation of the subsidiary SECOBRA SEMENCES which looks after multiplication contracts with selected farmers.

- 1980 : Under the presidency of Peter De Vogel, SEMSECO takes the name SECOBRA RECHERCHES and now carries out the breeding and the varietal identification. Chaired by Peter De VOGEL, SEMSECO takes the name of SECOBRA RESEARCH and now performs the breeding work and varietal identification.

- 1986 : New research centre: inauguration of new modern buildings in Maule, on Bois-Henry site.

- 1990 : First winter wheat cross made in Maule (78, France).

- 1992 : European extension: creation of new breeding centres distributed on the European territory.

- 2008 : Integration of Schweiger (Bavaria, Germany) within the wheat and barley breeding programs.